GM offers an SDK for app developers
January 23, 2013 by John Day
General Motors announced a flexible application framework that will allow drivers to add apps and features to their vehicles after the initial purchase, allowing vehicle infotainment systems to improve over time. The framework enables vehicle application programming interfaces, or APIs, for developers, allowing them to interact with and build upon the infotainment systems in GM vehicles.
The online developer portal includes a forum where developers can ask questions of a technical specialist. The portal also will host a blog for developers to keep them informed on the latest news and information. GM will use the input and feedback from the developer community to continuously improve the app framework.
Until now, GM has offered only select developers access to remote APIs that interact with the vehicle via the OnStar system. The new SDK will expand the environment so developers can work with the actual vehicle through the infotainment system.
The implementation of these apps is incorporated into new infotainment systems – debuting in select 2014 model year vehicles – that will change how in-vehicle apps are offered. The system’s framework includes a catalog that will allow vehicle owners to choose from a menu of available applications specifically designed for the in-vehicle experience.
GM demonstrated applications from four potential partners for the new app catalog: iHeartRadio, TuneIn, Slacker and The Weather Channel. The catalog, which is not yet available on GM vehicles, is expected to grow as GM readies the launch the new framework.
GM sells more than 9 million vehicles globally on an annual basis, which creates a large base of potential app-capable vehicles on which for developers can work. Following the select 2014 U.S. model year rollout, the intent is for the new app framework to be available over time on global brands, increasing the opportunity for local customization.
“We are providing developers a pathway to develop for a new audience in a new setting, resulting in new customers,” said GM Chief Infotainment Officer Phil Abram. “GM intends to cultivate a relationship with these developers to explore new apps that will benefit the overall driving experience. This is part of GM’s commitment to bring customer-centric technology to our vehicles and establish a community where developers can join in exploring what’s possible with in-vehicle apps.”
“We have designed our SDK so that developers only have to write the software code once to address the entire population of vehicles and end users,” said Abram. “Developers can repurpose existing tools and code from existing projects as long as they’re consistent with applicable licenses. Our app policies will also provide flexibility in how developers can design commercial aspects of their apps as well.”
GM will define a full certification process and business model for applications. After developing apps, developers will have an online opportunity to submit them on the dedicated online portal. If approved, GM will provide the developer with next steps to test and publish the app for customer access. Once these apps are created and have been approved by GM, future owners of certain GM models will be able to download them directly to the vehicle through the app catalog.
New category of vehicle apps
The framework will allow developers to create a new category of vehicle apps. “There will be a category of apps that will be unique to our cars and very different from what people use today on their smartphones or tablets,” said Abram. “It’s not just taking phone apps and making them function in a car, which most car companies do in some form now. Instead, GM may approve applications that stem from vehicle ownership. For example, customers can choose to download applications that assist them in driving more safely or in a more fuel efficient manner, possibly decreasing the costs of vehicle ownership.”
“GM customers will soon be able to personalize and update the apps in their vehicles,” said Abram, “compared to today, when you purchase a vehicle and the infotainment features are fixed and remain the same throughout the ownership experience.”